Injections are skin-piercing procedures performed with a syringe and needle to introduce either a curative substance or a vaccine into a patient. This can be achieved through one of three routes:
  • intramuscular – into a muscle
  • intravenous – into a vein
  • subcutaneous – beneath the skin
This excludes all other skin-piercing procedures such as blood transfusions, surgery, tattoos and body piercing. An unsafe injection is one that causes harm to the patient (e.g. caused by unsterilized equipment), the provider (e.g. a needle-stick accident during disposal) or the community (e.g. scavenging through rubbish). An unnecessary injection is one where oral alternatives are available, where the injected substance is inappropriate or harmful or where the symptoms of diagnosis do not warrant treatment by injection.

More Documents
Guiding Principles to ensure injection device security (Source: WHO)
Harm Reduction and Sterile Syringe Access(Source: New Jersey Syringe Access Informational Forum)
Immunization at a glance(Source: WHO)
Overview of safe injection facilities(Source: Alliance for Saving Lives)
Risk Management in Medical Laboratories(Source: UNICEF)