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Injections are the most common health care procedure worldwide. In developing and transitional countries alone, some 16 thousand million injections are administered each year.1 Most injections, more than 90%, are given for therapeutic purposes while 5 to 10% are given for preventive services, including immunization and family planning. The majority of therapeutic injections in developing and transitional countries are unnecessary. A safe injection does not harm the recipient, does not expose the health care worker to any avoidable risk and does not result in waste that is dangerous for the community. When injections are medically indicated they should be administered safely. Unsafe injections place patients at risk of disability and death. Reuse of injection devices without sterilization is of particular concern as it may transmit hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), accounting for 30%, 41% and 5% of new infections in 2000, respectively. In addition, inappropriate and unhygienic use of multi-dose vials may transmit blood borne pathogens.

Sterile single use injection devices are widely available at low cost. Sterile, single use injection devices include sterile hypodermic syringes, sterile hypodermic needles, auto-disable syringes for immunization purpose, syringes with a reuse-prevention feature for general purpose and syringes with needle-stick-prevention features (e.g., safety syringes) for general purposes.

When someone pricks themselves with a used needle, this is known as a needle stick injury. Tragically, they are an extremely common form of occupational injury for healthcare providers. Needle stick injuries are preventable, through a combination of better training, safer product, and effective regulation.

We have for your benefit tried to collect a few information materials for your reading and reference on safe use of syringes and prescribed guidelines for their safe use and prevention of re-use. All documents/pdfs/power point presentations and videos have been picked from sources available for public viewing and the source has been duly acknowledged.

Also visit the following links to get more information on this topic:
British Medical Association
www.bma.org.uk

International Sharps Prevention Society
www.isips.org

UK Health and Safety Executive, Needle stick Injuries
http://www.hse.gov.uk/healthservices/needlesticks/index.htm

Selected EU Parliament and Commission consultations on Needlestick Prevention
http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/social_dialogue/docs/needlestick1_en.pdf
http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/social_dialogue/docs/needlestick2_en.pdf

World Health Organisation Safe Injection Global Network
http://www.who.int/injection_safety/en/

Frontline Foundation, Against Occupational Risks to Healthcare Workers
http://www.frontlinefoundation.org

Association of British Healthcare Industries
www.abhi.org.uk

International Association of Safe Injection Technologies
www.iasit.org

American Nurses Association, Safer Needles Campaign
http://www.needlestick.org

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